Craig Newmark began the service in as an distribution list of friends, featuring local events in the San Francisco Bay Area, before becoming a web-based service in and expanding into other classified. It started expanding to other U. Having observed people helping one another in friendly, social, and trusting communal ways on the Internet via the WELL, MindVox and Usenetand feeling isolated as a relative newcomer to San Francisco, Craigslist founder Craig Newmark decided to create something similar for local events.
Most of the early postings were submitted by Newmark and were notices of social events of interest to software and Internet developers living and working in the San Francisco Bay Area. Soon, word of mouth led to rapid growth. The of subscribers and postings grew rapidly. There was no moderation and Newmark was surprised when people started using the mailing list for non-event postings. This led to the addition of a category for "jobs". User demand for more caused the list of to grow.
The initial technology encountered some limits, so by June majordomo had been installed and the mailing list "Craigslist" d operations. Community members started asking for a web interface. Craig registered "craigslist. By earlyNewmark still thought his career was as a software engineer "hardcore java programmer" and that Craigslist was a cool hobby that was getting him invited to the best parties for geeks and nerds. In Aprilwhen Newmark learned of other organizations called "List Foundation", the use of this name was dropped. Craigslist incorporated as a private for-profit company in By Aprilthere were nine employees working out of Newmark's apartment in San Francisco.
Buckmaster contributed the site's multi-city architecture, search engine, discussion forums, flagging system, self-posting process, home de, personalsand best-of-Craigslist feature. He was promoted to CEO in November Craigslist sex Garden City The web site expanded into nine more U. On the same day, a new section called "Gigs" was added, where low-cost and unpaid jobs and internships can be posted free.
The first 14 city sites were: [ 7 ]. Vancouver, British Columbia was the first non-U.
London was the first city outside of North America. As of August 9,over "cities" in 70 countries have Craigslist sites. The site serves over 20 billion views per month, putting it in 37th place overall among web sites worldwide and 10th place overall among web sites in the United States per Alexa. With over 80 million new classified advertisements each month, Craigslist is the leading classifieds service in any medium. The site receives over 2 million new job listings each month, making it one of the top job boards in the world. InCraigslist operated with a staff of 28 people.
The company does not formally disclose financial or ownership information. Some fans of Craigslist expressed concern that this development would affect the site's longtime non-commercial nature, but it remains to be seen what ramifications the change will actually have.
The company is believed to be owned principally by Newmark, Buckmaster, and eBay the three board members. In AprileBay announced it was suing Craigslist to "safeguard its four-year financial investment.
As ofmashup sites such as padmapper. In JuneCraigslist changed its terms of service to disallow the practice. In JulyCraigslist filed a lawsuit against padmapper. The site is notable for having undergone only minor de changes since its inception; even by standards, the de is very simple. Newmark says that Craigslist works because it gives people a voice, a sense of community trust and even intimacy. Other factors he cites are consistency of down-to-earth values, customer service and simplicity. Newmark was approached with an offer for running banner on Craigslist, but he decided to decline.
InCraigslist staff posted mock-banner throughout the site as an April Fools' Day joke. Craigslist has a user flagging system to quickly identify illegal and inappropriate postings.
Users may flag postings they believe to be in violation of Craigslist guidelines. Flagging does not require or registration and can be made anonymously by anyone. The of flaggings required for a posting's removal is variable and remains unknown to all but craigslist. Over the years Craigslist has become a very popular online destination for arranging for dates, and sex.
The site has been found to be particularly appealing to help connect lesbians, and gay men with one another because of its free and open nature in addition to it being hard to find gay people in one's area for some. InSan Francisco Craigslist's men seeking men section was attributed to facilitating sexual encounters and was the second most common correlation to syphilis infections. Advertisements for "adult" ly "erotic" services were initially given special treatment, then closed entirely on September 4, following a controversy over claims by state attorneys general that the advertisements promoted prostitution.
Ina disclaimer was put on the "men seeking men", "casual encounters", "erotic services", and "rants and raves" boards to ensure that those who clicked on these sections were over the age of 18, but no disclaimer was put on the "men seeking women", "women seeking men" or "women seeking women" boards.
As a response to charges of discrimination and negative stereotyping, Buckmaster explained that the company's policy is a response to user feedback requesting the warning on the more sexually explicit sections, including "men seeking men. On May 13,Craigslist announced that it would close the erotic services section, replacing it with an adult services section to be reviewed by Craigslist employees.
This decision came after allegations by several U. On September 4,Craigslist closed the adult services section of its website in the United States.
The site initially replaced the adult services link with the word "censored" in white-on-black text. The site received criticism and complaints from attorneys general that the section's were facilitating prostitution and child sex trafficking.
The adult services section link was still active in countries outside of the U. It would likely result in the takedown of what might otherwise be perfectly legitimate free expression. On September 8, the "censored" label and its dead link to adult services were completely removed. Craigslist announced on September 15,that it had closed its adult services in the United States for good.
However, it defended its right to carry such and its efforts to fight prostitution and sex trafficking. Free speech and some sex crime victim advocates criticized the removal of the section, saying that it threatened free speech and that it diminished law enforcement's ability to track criminals.
However, the removal was applauded by many state attorneys general and some other groups fighting sex crimes. Craigslist said that there is some indication that those who posted in the adult services section are posting elsewhere. On December 19, after pressure from Ottawa and several provinces, Craigslist closed 'Erotic Services' and 'Adult Gigs' from its Canadian website.
In Julythe San Francisco Chronicle criticized Craigslist for allowing from dog breeders, and thereby allegedly encouraging the over breeding and irresponsible selling of pit bulls in the Bay Area. In Januarythe San Francisco Bay Guardian published an editorial criticizing Craigslist for moving into local communities and "threatening to eviscerate" local alternative newspapers. Craigslist has been compared to Walmart, a multinational corporation that some feel crushes small local businesses when they move into towns and offer a huge assortment of goods at lower prices.
It accepts charitable donations, and rather than directly funding organizations, it produces "face-to-face events and offers online resources to help grassroots organizations get off the ground and contribute real value to the community". Sincethe Craigslist Foundation has hosted an annual conference called Boot Camp, an in-person event that focuses on skills for connecting, motivating and inspiring greater community involvement and impact.
Boot Camp has drawn more than 10, people since its inception. Thamrin FE Univ. Chat WhatsApp. Craigslist Inc. Retrieved May 8, Alexa Internet. Retrieved San Francisco Chronicle. August 14, Retrieved November 15, April 19, Archived from the original on June 20, Retrieved February 8, Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved September 6, ZIP: 67846